Uzbekistan 1994 Issue banknotes

Uzbekistan 1994 Issue banknotes

The Uzbeks are the third largest nationality in the former Soviet Union (after Russians and Ukrainians). The capitol Tashkent has more than 2 million people, is the largest city in Russian Central Asia. The original population was believed to be Iranian, with rich history started as a member of the Persian empire. Here were famous emirate of Bukhara (Sogdiana) and khanate of Khiva (Khorezm). Russians annexed all this territory in 1856-1886. Cotton is the king in this Muslim state, intensive farming based on artificial irrigation. Crude oil, natural gas, coal, cooper and gold deposits make up the chief resource.

The 1994 issues as seen in the pictures (incomplete) depict various sites of note on the reverse and the Coat of Arms in the obverse. AKA the “Persian Carpet” or “carpet” series for the intricate patterns on the obverse.

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North Korea 1 and 2 Star coin sets

North Korea 1 and 2 Star coin sets

Since the North-South split of Korea after World War II, North Korea issued its first coins in 1959 in the jeon (aka chon) unit. (1 won = 100 jeon.)

The next new coin was minted in 1978 — a 50 jeon piece, and in 1987, 1 won notes were replaced with a 1 won coin. All of these coins are aluminum.

Also made of aluminum are the last of the “second won” coins (the “first won” currency used banknotes only) — four new coins first appearing in 2005 (5 won, 10 won, 50 won, and 100 won). Rounding out the brief and simple history of North Korean coins are 1 jeon, 5 jeon, 10 jeon, 50 jeon, and a new 1 won (“third won”) coin, minted in 2002 and 2005 and released for circulation in 2009.

Stars
Of particular interest to North Korean coin collectors is the stars system of NK coins: coins for general use by the country’s citizens do not feature any stars, while coins expressly for use by visitors from socialist countries feature one star. Non-socialist country visitors use coins with two stars (though in practice, coins like the euro are generally favored).

Also of note are “specimen” coins, with no stars but intended for collectors. These, as well as occasional commemorative coins, are for collectors abroad, and are often particularly rare.

India 10 Rupees INSET STARNOTE – replacement

India 10 Rupees INSET STARNOTE - replacement

Star Replacement Notes of Reserve Bank of India
Star Notes
From 2006, the Reserve Bank of India issued notes with a * (Star) after the first three characters or prefix followed by the six digit serial number. These are used as replacement notes for errors in printing. These were issued initially in denominations of 10, 20, 50. From 2009 star or replacement notes are issued for Rs.100. The star series notes are identical to the existing banknotes in every respect except in the serial number where a * star) is added in between the prefix and the serial number. For example 9AA*034801. The prefix in the star notes are unique to the star notes only and these prefix are not combined with the regular issues. When issued in a packet, it has a wrapper stating “contains non-serially numbered notes with * in the number panel”.

Reserve Bank of India Press Release No.2005-2006/1337 dated 19th April 2006:
The Reserve Bank of India at present issues fresh banknote packets containing one hundred (100) serially numbered banknotes. Each banknote bears a distinctive serial number along with a prefix. The prefix consists of the numeral and a letter / letters and is followed by a serial number. The number e. g. could be 4CC 456917.

In a serially numbered packet, banknotes with any defect, detected at the printing stage, are replaced at the note printing presses by banknotes having the same number so that the sequence of the packet is maintained. As a part of the Bank’s ongoing efforts to benchmark its procedures against international best practices as also for cost effectiveness at printing presses, it is proposed to adopt the STAR series numbering system for replacement of the defectively printed banknotes.

The Star series notes, to begin with, will be issued in lower denominations, that is Rs.10, Rs.20 and Rs.50. The Star series notes will look exactly like the existing notes of Rs.10, Rs.20 and Rs.50 in the Mahatma Gandhi series but will have an additional character viz. a *(star) in the number panel. Packets with star series notes will have 100 pieces as usual but not in serial order. The Star series notes will be legal tender and members of public may freely accept and use these notes.

Consequently, some fresh banknote packets issued by the Bank may contain some notes having a *(star) in the number panel in the space between the prefix and the number. The packet will contain 100 banknotes, as hitherto. The number e. g. may be 4CC*456987. To facilitate easy identification of the note packets containing star series notes, the bands on such packets will clearly indicate the presence of these notes in the packet.

courtesy of: Rezwan Razack